The ADB in Bangladesh: A Look Back or A Leap Backward?

Auteur: Parker Mah

The ADB in Bangladesh: A Look Back or A Leap Backward?

A Critical Appraisal of the ADB’s Achieving Results Together: 25 years with the Bangladesh Resident Mission

VOICE

Dhaka, Bangladesh – April 2008
After the World Bank and the Japanese Government, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is the third largest donor in the Asia-Pacific Region, lending an average of US $5 – $6 billion a year to its developing member countries1. As one of these counties, Bangladesh has always ranked as one of the top borrowers,  receiving an average of US $ 362 million per year between 2002-20062. In terms of gross Official Development Aid, the ADB is one of the biggest donors to Bangladesh, surpassed only by the World Bank3. Where has this money gone since the institution of the Bangladesh Resident Mission (BRM), the Bangladesh branch of the ADB, in 1982? What progress has been made, what development accomplished? Those seeking answers to this question must certainly look to the ADB itself.
Last year, the ADB published a report, Achieving Results Together: 25 years with the Bangladesh Resident Mission, painting a rosy picture of its development projects in Bangladesh over the last quarter century. But can we take their rendition at face value? In this brief review, we will examine some of the realities behind the ‘results’.

Private Sector Bias

ADB’s private sector operations have been oriented to complement public sectoroperations to address critical infrastructure and policy constraints to mobilizing private investment, both domestic and foreign…Commercial co-financing is being explored to enhance financial resources from capital markets and to mitigate political and/or credit risk.” (p. 5)
Bangladesh has cumulatively received over US $ 8 billion in aid from the ADB4, ostensibly earmarked for the ‘public sector’5. Unfortunately, much of this money is used to finance projects supporting private sector growth and trade liberalization. In fact, one of the ADB’s key operational objectives in itsSouth Asia regional Cooperation Strategy is explicitly stated as “promoting private sector cooperation6.” In other words, by “addressing policy constraints,” the ADB proposes to open wideBangladesh’s industries and expose them to the vagaries of the global corporate economy.The ADB “considers private sector development crucial to economic growth, job creation, and poverty reduction7,” despite the fact that the effectiveness (and sincerity) of private investment in reducing poverty is questionable at best. Nonetheless, the ADB continues to pour private capital into the oil, energy,transport, gas, and water sector inBangladesh, taking the control of these public services away from the state and into the hands of corporations:

ADB’s power subsector strategy for Bangladesh focuses on changing the business environment through corporatization, commercialization, and increasing public–private partnership, institutional improvements in key power sector entities, enlarging the scope for rural electricity supply cooperatives, and strengthening long-term planning and regulatory processes.” (p. 20)

ADB’s operational focus in the gas sector is to create an enabling environment for private investment, segregate the functions of sector regulation and operation, help make sector entities fully autonomous, strengthen the regulatory framework, rationalizeprices, reduce system losses, and improve efficiency.” (p. 21)

ADB’s assistance in developing the country’s infrastructure, such as transport, energy, urban infrastructure and utilities, is improving the environment for private investment by enhancing productivity and removing constraints on growth.” (p. 30)
In fact, a little under half of the ADB’s total lending was mobilized through co-financing from multilateral or private sector sources8. With such a large percentage of funds coming from the private sector, the accountability and motivations of the ADB must be called into question. The ADB should serve the people’s interests, not commercial ones. Increasing the private sector’s leverage in development projects continues to have disastrous impacts on the environment and local communities9. Their activities are driven by profit and, historically, have been carried out with little regard for the social and environmental policies of the country in question or even the ADB’s own safeguarding policies10, especially in the case of large infrastructure projects. Economic disparity and marginalization has only increased in the shadow of the ADB’s precious economic growth.
Poverty reduction or production?

Bangladesh has made impressive progress in reducing poverty and fostering human development over the past 15 years. Poverty incidence declined to 40.0% in 2005 from 48.9% in 2000, showing a decline of 1.8 percentage points a year compared with 1 percentage point a year decline in the preceding decade. The decline in poverty wasfueled by higher gross domestic product (GDP) growth and a steady rise in access of the poor to microcredit, workers’ remittances, and social services.” (p. 12)

Although it is true that poverty in Bangladesh has been slightly alleviated from 15 years ago, to put it in these terms is both misleading and overly optimistic. The fact remains that 41% of the population (62,800,000 people) live on less than one dollar a day, and a staggering 84% (128,700,000 people) live on less than two dollars a day11.

Bangladesh holds the dubious distinction of having 48% of children between 0-5 underweight for their age, the second worst in the world12. A quarter of the population still does not have access to an improved water source, according to the latest UNDP Human Development report13. Faced with these statistics, the ADB must concede that the future isn’t so bright for 128,000,000 people.

Also, poverty is not restricted to a financial definition. Poverty is a multidimensional concept, and people can still suffer deprivation in many aspects of life even with adequate incomes. This type of poverty, called non-income poverty, stems from an inadequate standard of living, rather than a lack of income. People who have limited access to basic services or who suffer social or physical deprivationssuch as the inability to fully participate in communities, disease or under-nutrition fall into this category. In fact, the ADB admits that although it is “on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of reducing by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day, it is unlikely to meet the MDGs for reducing non-income poverty14.”

By the ADB’s own definition, poverty is characterized by “a deprivation of access to essential goods, services, assets, and opportunities to which every human being is entitled. People should be free from hunger, able to live in peace, and have access to basic education and primary health care services. Poor households have to sustain themselves by their labor and be reasonably rewarded and should have a degree of protection from external shocks. In addition, individuals and societies are also poor— and tend to remain so—if they are not empowered to participate in making the decisions that shape their lives15.” It is ironic, therefore, that the ADB chooses to pursue its poverty reduction strategies in flagrant disregard for this eloquent definition. Thousands of people have been displaced thanks to ADB projects, many without proper compensation or compensation of any kind. Many more can’t afford essential services due to fees pushed up by privatization, and have no voice in the process which forces these policies upon them.

Glaring Omissions

ADB has also assisted in conserving the environment, creating irrigation systems, fostering small-scale water resources, building flood protection, and ensuring village people’s greater access to markets.” (p .25)

ADB-assisted projects—such as the Ganges–Kobadak project, Pabna Irrigation and Rural Development Project, and Meghna–Dhonagoda Irrigation Project—have substantially improved flood plain management in Bangladesh.” (p. 26)
Conspicuously absent from this illustrious list, and in fact the report as a whole, are any instance of the Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project, the Khulna Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project, or the Phulbari Coal Project. However, these projects should not go unmentioned in any 25-year retrospective of the ADB. I propose the following additions to the list of ADB-backed projects thathave “assisted in conserving the environment”:
1. The Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project was implemented between 1999 and 2006 in the Sundarban region of Bangladesh, home to the largest mangrove forest in the world. It was intended to establish a proper management system tomaintain the biological integrity of the area through poverty alleviation16.The ADB was the major funder of the project, providing US $ 37 million out of the total project cost of US $ 82.2 million17. SBCP’s consultancy budget was managed entirely by the ADB, who allocated 61% of the total expenditure to consultancy18, showing how sincere the ADB was in its objective of poverty reduction. Local people were never properly consulted about the implementation of the project.The project cause widespread protest among the local NGOs and affected communities, who criticised the so-called ‘environmental conservation’ project for failing to take into account the real forces causing damage to the ecosystem. Industrial shrimp farming, which has converted thousands of hectares of agricultural village land to commercially-controlled ponds, has created severe ecological problems and displaced whole communities from their lands19. Instead of addressing this and other issues of biodiversity loss, the SBCP actually encouraged aquaculture practice through micro-credit schemes. The SBCP watch group, formed of local community members and CSOs, was particularly vocal in challenging the injustices of this project and the exploitation of their natural resources.
2. The Khulna Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project (KJDRP) began in 1996 in the southwestern coastal districts of Bangladesh as another attempt to address the river drainage problem, the result of a series of earlier donor interventions (including the ADB) to de-link the floodplains from the rivers. Supported by a $33 million ADB loan20, the stated objective of the KJDRP was to upgrade existing flood control embankments and reduce poverty by alleviating river drainage congestion21.To achieve this, they constructed a series of sluice gates and regulators on the rivers in order to protect the wetland areas from tidal and seasonal floods and extend the area suitable for agriculture, against the protests of the local communities who knew from experience (a similar project had been implemented in 1986) that such measures would not solve the problem. They had suggested an alternative concept of tidal river management based on indigenous practices developed over generations. Ultimately, the project was not implemented according to the recommendations of the local people22. As they predicted, heavy siltation and drainage congestionoccurred in the river channels from blocking the natural tidal flow. As a result, silted-up rivers are drying up, indigenous wildlife has been threatened, and thousands of hectares of land have been permanently inundated23. In other words, by the time the project finished in 2004, the ADB achieved the opposite of what it had proposed.

The area is still an ecologically damaged zone.

3. In 1998, Asia Energy corporation, backed by the ADB, requisitioned 59 square kilometres of land for an open-pit coalmine in Phulbari, in Dinajpur districtin the northwest of Bangladesh. The area covers more than a hundred villages, including schools, colleges, roads, railways, and businesses as well as vast crop fields, forest patches and plantations. The open-pit method proposed to mine the huge expanse of coal lying beneath this area would necessitate the eviction of 40,000people and the destruction of their houses24. Over 250,000 people would be directly or indirectly affected by the implementation of this mine25.Open-pit mining also has devastating environmental impacts. With a hollow a thousand feet deep, large pumps are required to suck out underground water for the entire lifetime of the project, leading to desertification of the surrounding area and asevere decrease in tubewell water levels. Air pollution from coal dust and water pollution from mine run-off will contaminate the surrounding area. Once the mine is exhausted and the hollow filled up, the soil will take years, if ever, to become cultivatable again.Asia Energy claimed that Bangladesh would benefit not only from the profit accrued from the mining operation but also from new industries, employment, infrastructure and poverty alleviation. But the reality was clear: a foreign company would become the owner of natural resources and land that rightfully belonged to Bangladesh and its people. Villagers staged a mass action against the project, and criticisms and protests rang out from all corners of civil society, led by the NationalCommittee to Protect Oil, Gas, Mineral Resources and Ports (NC). The ADB recently announced it would pull out from financing for the project26.
* * * * * * * * * *
Although Bangladesh has made significant progress in development in the last few years, whether or not the ADB had a part in this is still up for debate. With almost half of the population (49%) living below the poverty line27 and most public sector industries (water, transport, energy, gas, etc.) being privatized or already privatized, this is hardly the time for the unbridled optimism of the BRM. This 25-year retrospective should not be a pat on the back for the ADB; rather, it should be awake-up call. Considerable change, both at the policy and project implementation level, is needed before the Asian Development Bank can live up to its title.
NOTES

1 Source: The Bank Information Centre: Unpacking the ADB: A Guide to the AsianDevelopment Bank.

2 Source: ADB Annual Reports, 2002-2006

3 Source: OECD & WB: Bangladesh: Aid at a Glance

4 Source: ADB Annual Reports

5 ADB: Achieving Results Together: 25 years with the Bangladesh Resident Mission, p. 5

6 http://www.adb.org/documents/reports/annual_report/2006/south-asia.asp

7 ADB: Achieving Results Together: 25 years with the Bangladesh Resident Mission, p. 30

8 The Bank Information Centre: Unpacking the ADB: A Guide to the Asian DevelopmentBank

9 NGO Forum on ADB Article: “ADB’s 2020 Strategy Confirms Corporate Bias”

10 The Bank Information Centre: Unpacking the ADB: A Guide to the Asian DevelopmentBank

11 UNDP Human Development Report, 2006-2007:http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_BGD.html

12 ibid.

13 ibid.

14 ADB: Asian Development Fund Report, http://www.adb.org/

15 ADB, 2004: Enhancing the Fight Against Poverty in

Asia and the Pacific: The Poverty
Reduction Strategy of the Asian Development Bank, p.1
16 Hossain, J. and Roy, K.,2006: Deserting the Sundarbans – Local People’s Perspectives onADB-GEF-Netherlands funded SBCP. Njera Kori and Unnayan Onneshan.17 http://www.asianpeoplesforum.net/twiki/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=16

18 Hossain, J. and Roy, K.,2006: Deserting the Sundarbans – Local People’s Perspectives onADB-GEF-Netherlands funded SBCP. Njera Kori and Unnayan Onneshan.

19 ibid.

20 Source: The Bank Information Centre, 2007: ADB Begins Evaluation of Controversial Khulna-Jessore Project

21 People’s Forum on ADB article, http://www.asianpeoplesforum.net/

22 Source: The Bank Information Centre, 2007: ADB Begins Evaluation of ControversialKhulna-Jessore Project

23 Kibria, Zakir: Impact of Asian Development Bank (ADB) investment in the Water Sectorin

Bangladesh.
24 Prof. Anu Muhammad: FDI in

Bangladesh and the Phulbari Coal Project
25 SEHD report: Killings in Phulbari Ignite Unstoppable Protest: Local Communities StandStrong against Open Cut Mining26 Press Release: “Asian Development Bank Pulls Out of Controversial Phulbari Coal Projectin

Bangladesh”: http://phulbariresistance.blogspot.com
27 UNDP Human Development Report, 2006-2007:http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_BGD.html

11 commentaires ↓

#1 cheritycall on 27.10.08 à 6:01

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#2 Suffering Groups on 28.11.08 à 0:53

SUB : AN APPEAL FOR JUSTICE TO SAVE FROM OPPRESSIVE LAWS
Dear Sir,
From 1972 after independent, Bangladesh Nationals started to establish Industries investing family resources ,using Innovative Technology as self earner to achieve Economic Freedom & to create jobs for millions of unemployed when almost everything was damaged due to Liberation War and These Entrepreneurs are commonly know as 1st ( first ) Generation Industrial Entrepreneur of Bangladesh
Government also started to help these fast growing PRIVATE SECTOR INDUSTRIES AS IMPORT SUBSITUTES and for EXPORT having fund from International Loan Giving Agencies which were distributed through different Banks from 1979
Unfortunately the Owners of these Industries became helpless victims of deep rooted conspiracy and Anti Propaganda. The Bank officials refrain themselves from ascertaining production capacity of imported machineries and to provide required working capital loan in time extending non-cooperation harassment, negligence and fraudulent activities. And all these have been done willingly just to jeopardize the Government Industrial policy as well to terrorize the Owners of Industries of Private Sector finally to occupy the Mortgage Properties of the owner of the Industries under Private Sector.
Due to such activities Hundreds and Thousands of Industries were destroyed by Bank Officials and Policy Maker.
Over and above capitalizing the Illiteracy, Ignorance and Extreme Poverty of Bangladesh Citizens .Most of these laws were forced upon the Citizen including, Owner of the Industries of Private Sector in co-operation with their alliances who are busy to convert Bangladesh a Bottom less Basket Again
Due to such activities most of the Industries have became in-operatives and have lost their Cash Capitals, Expatriate Capabilities and became helpless victims of oppressive laws. Due to absence of minimum accountability from Banking Sector to the office of Land Survey Departments / Directorate.

In 1992 & 1996 Government of Bangladesh identified and registered many Industries as SICK INDUSTRIES declaring not as Defaulter of Bank Loan but victims of Violation of Contract , Negligence , Fraudulent or Malpractices of Bank Officials. And Policy Maker due to Lack of Accountability. And the matter of Lack of Accountability at every stage of Bangladesh is no more a hidden Matter.
THE HELPLESS OWNERS OF INDUSTRIES ARE LOOKING FOR JUSTICE, BUT THE DOOR OF JUSTICE ARE CLOSED Due to Enactment of a Law Know as ARTHA RIN ADALAT ACT ( Bank Loan Recovery Act ) on 1989 which were also amended on 2003 and 2007 . Bank Ruptcy Acts were also enacted on 1997 treating the Owners of Industries under Private Sector like as Slave of Colonial Period WHEN THE HANDS OF THE PRODUCER AND TECHNICIAN OF MOSLIN FABRICS ( which were only produced in Bengal of undivided INDIA) were cut down to stop production of Finest Fabrics by Bengali Technicians and Producer.

But surprisingly the ARTHA RIN ACT are not applicable for Nationalized or State Sector .where BILLIONS OF DOLLARS are spend till today without any accountability.
Out of Total of outstanding defaulted Bank Loans, about 60 to 70 % are lying with Nationalized / State Sector and less then 10 % are lying with Small and Medium sized Industries of Private Sector of Bangladesh. And Bank Official can explain well about the remaining of the Loan Amount.

THE LAW OF TORTS & LAW OF CONTRACT ARE MOST COMMON LAW , BUT APPLICATION OF THE SAME ARE RESTRICTED IN BANGLADESH .
Due to which BANGLADESH HAS BECOME A HEAVEN FOR REPRESSION / EXPLOITATION Forcing the process to increase Poverty line in Geometric Ration & also helping the process of Lawlessness and Human Trafficking .
The Owners of Industries of Private Sector can not claim any set – off or compensation on the same suit as filed by BANK OFFICIALS or THE LOAN GIVING AGENCIES for Loan Recovery under Artha.Rin Act . for VIOLATION OF CONTRACT , NEGLEGENCES , Malpractices of Bank officials / Policy Maker.
AS A RESULT NUMBER OF SICK / DISTRESSED INDUSTRIES are increasing in every year due to lack of accountability of Bank Officials and Policy Maker .
BANK OFFICALS / LOAN GIVING AGENCIES HAVE BEEN ALLOWED TOTAL INDEMNITY OF LAW for violation of contract , negligence, Fraudulent Activities , . These have been done to hide out existing high profile malpractices and corruptions as per opinion of Expert Personals.

The Owner of Industries of Private Sector have no Legal Right to protect themselves from the oppression of Bank Officials & Policy Maker and these are no more hidden matter ,rather a part of the on going conspiracy to make Bangladesh a Bottom Less Basket.
Although in neighboring countries Like INDIA where there is LAW FOR LOAN RECOVERY KNOWN AS “ DEBT RECOVERY TRIBUNALS ( DRT )” where the Owner of Industries or other borrowers are allowed to claim Set off or Compensation in same suit and same court at same time.
But in BANGLADESH Owner of Industries or Other Borrowers of Bank Money are completely deprived of any such opportunity rather provision have been to hide out corruption , negligence, fraudulent activities of Bank Officials as per opinion of Expert Personals giving TOTAL INDEMNITY OR LICIENCE FOR UNENDING CORRUPTION OR MAL PRACTICES & Violation of Contracts & negligence .,
And Owner of Industries or Borrowers of Bank loans are completely deprived of any type of JUSCTICE. Common people are also facing another type of repression UNDER CERTIFICATE CASE for realization of Government Taxes . small loan of farmers , weavers etc ,
Industrial Entrepreneurs can only file a separate suit for compensation in a separate Civil Court which will be a matter of life long litigation .with no result .
As per Artha Rin Act nothing can be raised against the Order or Decree of Artha Rin Court to Higher Court and also without Payment of 50 % of the suit value or Decretal Amount,
The door of appeal or revision are closed denying the Legal right of Owners of Industries. As per Sections 12, 12 ( kha) , 18(2) & (3) , 19, 20,21,33, 34,40,41,42,44, 47 and 50 of Artha Rin Act.
And these are contradiction/ conflicting with ARTICLE 8, 15, 26, AND 27 of BANGLADESH CONSTITUTION AND THE GOVERNMENT INDUSTRIAL POLICY AS ADOPTED TIME TO TIME .
There are no other alternative way , but to draw the attention of concern authority of Bangladesh including PATRIOT INTELLECTUAL PERSONS AND LEADER OF CIVIL SOCIETY AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO VERYFY the above and help for restoring EQUAL RIGHT for JUSTICE . and to help to Protect the Owner of Industries including Workers and other supporting Staffs who are already in Distressed Condition due to lapses of Policy Maker an Bank Officials and of the Oppressive Laws .
And to help to restore the accountability in all organizations including BANKS & other Loan Giving Agencies for the greater Interest of Nations please Circulate our humble appeal among Honorable Members , Partners of your organizations or in your News Bulletins and in Printed or Electronic News Media for Transmission this appeal among all organizations working for HUMAN RIGHT , DEMOCRATIC RIGHT and to PREVENT LEGAL ABUSE and OPPRESSIVE LAWS and also to consider the followings :

1-. Humble Appeal before the Government of Bangladesh to allow Owners of Industries to claim SET OFF or COMPENSATIONS for Negligence , Violation of Contract , Fraudulent or Malice Activities in the same suit filed by Bank or loan giving agencies for recovery of Loan Money similar to DRT ( DEBT RECOVERY TRIBUNALS ) OF INDIA

2- Considering the heavy Loss / Damages of Government Registered & Identified SICK INDUSTRIES of 1992 & 1996 of Private Sector may be allowed 100 % weaver closing all Pending Suits for recovery of Loan unconditionally .

3- The Existing System of Mortgage of Landed Properties .for getting Loan need to be completely abolished .to remove ever growing corruption , malpractices and fraudulent Activities which exist in Banking Sector and are much Proven Facts for the greater interest. of the Nation .
4- All pending Suits in Atrha Rin Court may kindly be transferred to Civil Commercial Court abolishing Sections 12, 12( kha) , 18(2) & 18(3), 19,20,21,33, 34,40,41,42,44,47 and 50 of Artha Rin Acts including Sections 28 ( Kha) of Banking Company Act Creating Democratic Opportunities similar to DEBT RECOVERY TRIBUNAL S ( DRT ) of INDIA for the end of JUSTICE ..
5- And to take immediate steps to abolish the system of CERTIFICASE CASE which are nothing but abuse of LAW and worst one like that of COLONIAL RULE .

Suffering Groups of Owners of Industries of Bangladesh.

#3 Peoples on 11.06.09 à 22:54

There may be MORE THEN TEN LACKS suit / litigation pending in the Court of Bangladesh which are increasing everyday

Many of the litigation or Suit are due to force full occupation of land of innocent land owner ignoring documents and title right by Power full Groups and Local Miscreants (Commonly known as Social Worker) most of such occurrence are happened in whole country and largely in DHAKA CITY

Surprisingly Government Organization like Land Survey Department , Settlement Office and their Subordinate Office are also responsible for such activities as they issue records & parcha to the force full occupier ignoring right full ownership of land

And due to ABSENCE OF TORT LAW in Bangladesh and lack of accountability of the official , correction of such land records through the the Existing System of Court is matter of few Generation or a life long litigation , by this time the face of land changes to different shape with the help of above mentioned concern and many of the Murder , Killing are also responsible for such activities,

Our MINISTRY OF LAND , MINISTRY OF LAW; MINISTRY OF HOME & MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT may kindly take action at earliest possible time to help and stop such process by abolishing Law of POSSESSION RIGHT or the related laws and shall take immediate steps to kindly adopt or application of LAW OF TORT in Bangladesh. For THE GREATER INTEREST OF NATION ,

And Government may have details of the statistics country wide if some Non- Government Organization like Micro Credit Operator or other NGO working at root level are allowed to conduct survey from union level to the Dhaka City .

No extra fund will be required for allocation by the Government but will create opening to know the entire statistics of anomalies or malpractice of the above department .
It will be highly appreciated if you kindly circulate the above in possible way for creating awareness among the people and international community as well as Patriot Political Worker . Leader or intellectual group of the Country .

Peoples

#4 The People on 04.07.09 à 6:03

With the emergence of Bangladesh People’s expectation & aspiration were for democratic system with arrangement of accountability in everywhere and fair law like TORT LAW to combat malpractices and repression of people.
But all are frustrating till date
Several Lac Suits / Litigations are pending in Court due to illegal occupation of land ignoring documents and title right by Miscreants, Government or Semi Government Organization like Railway Department, City Corporation or Municipality.

Such are happened in whole country and in DHAKA CITY also
Officials of Land Survey ,Settlement Office and their Subordinate Office are responsible for such activities as they prepare records & parcha in favor of land occupier ignoring deed & title right. depriving the actual s land owner.

It shall continue till TORT LAW are allowed as valid law in Bangladesh like USA, EUROPE COUNTR, INDIA & NEPAL .
TORT LAW also protect poor people becoming more poor due to repression

Correction of records & parcha through Court is matter of life long litigation & an expensive system ,which common people can not bear meantime the face of land changes.
MINISTRY OF LAND , MINISTRY OF LAW; HOME and LOCAL GOVERNMENT may take action at earliest possible time to abolish LAW OF POSSESSION RIGHT without any valid document or title right.

And shall also allow the application TORT LAW in Bangladesh without any delay to established accountability & prevent malpractices

And Government can know the pictures of the whole country if some Non- Government Organization like the NGO’s are permitted to conduct survey from Union level to the Dhaka City with arrangement of spot correction of the malpractices of Survey or Settlement Officials till date .
No extra fund will require for the Government ,but will create opening to know the anomalies or malpractice of the officials of the above Department.

It will be highly appreciated if you kindly circulate the above in all level for creating awareness among the people and international community as well as Patriot Political Worker. Leader or Intellectual Group, & Policy Maker of the Country .

The Peoples

#5 CIVICUS World Assembly » Aid and Aftermath: Bangladesh and the Cooperation Conundrum on 13.08.10 à 13:07

[…] WB [which] created environmental degradation and enormous suffering for the people, such as the Sundarbans Bio-diversity  Project (SBCP) and the Khulna-Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation project (KJDRP),” says Swapan, contacted via […]

#6 The People on 16.09.10 à 2:35

Bangladesh is known as democratic country
But as per article (section) 70 of Bangladesh Constitution, only key person or party chief. can take decision none the else . .
Experts are in opinion that Billions of hard earned money of citizen are spent in conducting huge number suit like as 37.00 Lac ( Thirty Seven Lac ) till may, 2019. in the court of Bangladesh which may not be settled even in life time nor have any certainty of specific relief .

WHO ARE DIRECT BENEFICIERIES OF THESE SUITS ?

Contesting parties are compelled to spend billions of Dollar in addition to valuable times of their active life, year after year although more then 35 % people are living below the poverty line…

ARE THESE PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES ?

These colonial laws and legal system are not changed yet ?

Peoples are in opinion that Bangladesh can not face the track of advancement of science and technology like other Asian Countries nearby Bangladesh
Even Bangladesh will not be able to dream the face of digital world with existing colonial laws and legal system.

They also consider that the present legal systems and procedures have no rule in productive activities to change the fate of people or the poverty of the country rather helping the rent seeking or interest seeking process from the grass root level .

Third point which is most significant and important are the lack of accountability in every stage of life for people or Government Personal / Officials which are encourage the growth of terrorism .

Now it has became imperative to reform / replace the concerned ministry & commission / body with of expert of political sciences / social welfares , expert of relevant subjects of science and technology. like medicine, engineering, agricultural sciences , information technology , telecommunications sciences, business and commerce.

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